Treasure Hunting For Emeralds
By David Cowley

As with most gemstones the emerald can be created as the result
of volcanic activity, where the extreme pressure and heat
creates the gemstones.  Another process knows as hydrothermal
circulation, which in the most general sense is the circulation
of hot water containing dissolved minerals passing through
pockets in the underlying bedrock, evaporate caused the stones
to cool as large crystals.

Emeralds belong to the beryl family of gemstones.  This family
also contains aquamarine, goshenite, morganite, heliodor,
quartz, ruby and red beryl to name a few.  The emerald has a
hardness of 7.5 to 8 and is composed of chromium and vanadium.
When iron sulfate pyrite is entered into the mix the result is
the rich green color traditionally associated with the emerald.

The very rare Trapiche emerald displays a pattern of dark lines
radiation from the center of the crystal like the spokes of a
wheel.  The term trapiche is derived from the miners belief that
the spoke design reminded them of the processing wheel that is
commonly used in Colombia that is used to extract the juice form
the sugar cane.

Energy healers believe the emerald can heal relationships of
the heart, health, clear vision, faith, intelligence, memory,
inspiration, love, romance, cleansing and clairvoyance.  It is
believed to have more metaphysical properties than any other

Emeralds can be found in Hiddenite County in North Carolina.
The Emerald Hallow Mine will allow treasure hunters a verity of
techniques when searching for this precious gemstone which is
more valuable per carat than diamonds.  The fees vary based on
the type of hunting you plan to do.


Prospect by collecting sand and gravel from the creek bed, and
then using a screen to wash the loose dirt away from the gravel
and gemstones.  Be sure to look at the material left in the
screen from all angles including from underneath. 


Take a shovel, pick ax and a 5 gallon plastic bucket to the
mine area and pick your area.  Fill the bucked with loose dirt
and gravel.  You could then use the screening method or you
could take the bucket to the stream or the sluicing area and
then wash the material collected and look for your treasures.


You can purchase pre-loaded buckets of gemstone bearing
material from the mine operators and simply sit down at the
sluicing area and wash the loose dirt away.  Roll around the
remaining material looking for the elusive green color.


Loose dirt is shoveled onto a screen and the screen is then
shaken to remove small particles and sand.  Watch the screen
while shaking it, emeralds will often flash as they roll around.

Always examining the screening area with the sun facing you.
The sunlight will reflect through the emeralds making them
easier to spot.  Examine the screenings from various angles and
roll the gravel around while doing so.  Before discarding the
screenings always look from underneath the screen with the sun
at your back.  Many dusty stones can be missed until you see the
light pass through them.

Tools are available for rent at the Emerald Hallow Mine, but
should you decide to bring your own be sure to include, shovel,
pick, screen, gloves, bucket, and safety glasses.

Happy Treasure Hunting.

About the Author: David Cowley has created numerous articles on
Treasure Hunting.  He has also created a Web Site dedicated to
Treasure Hunting. Visit


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